Growing evidence suggests that cutting your risk of Alzheimer’s is in your arteries. High blood pressure may increase your risk of Alzheimer’s by damaging blood vessels in the brain and disrupting regions that are important for cognition, memory, decision making and communication.
What is high blood pressure?
It is the physical force exerted by the blood as it pushes against the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure readings are in two numbers. The top number is the systolic blood pressure and the bottom number is the diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is when the heart contracts pushing the blood forward. The diastolic pressure is when the heart relaxes.
What causes high blood pressure?
There are several factors that cause high blood pressure but the exact cause is unknown. Occasionally conditions of the kidney or adrenal glands are the cause of high blood pressure.
The following factors may increase your risk:
- Lack of physical activity
- Weight gain
- Too much salt in diet
- Too much alcohol consumption
- Older age
Lifestyle changes that may promote arterial health include:
- Low salt intake of one teaspoon or 2300 mg a day
- Consumption of Pomegranate juice and omega-3 fatty acids to improve vascular elasticity and prevent blood platelets from sticking to the endothelial cell lining.
- Daily intake of 1,000 microgram of folic acid (this should be done in consultation with your doctor).
- Exercise and stress management as part as part of daily routine